Current research

  • Railways, Growth, and Industrialization in a Developing German Economy, 1829-1910 (with R. Franke), MPRA Paper 93644, 2019 (conditionally accepted at The Journal of Economic History).
  • Germany’s Reversal of Fortune: Industrialization and the Emergence of the North-South Divide (with P. Berbée and R. Franke), in progress.
  • Economic and Demographic Effects of World War II: A Life-Cycle Perspective (with J. Stuhler), in progress.

Selected publications